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In the medieval kingdom of Georgiathe pretender Demna was castrated by his uncle George III of Georgia to ensure the supremacy of George's branch of the family. William Wallacethe Scottish resistance leader, was castrated as part of his execution, for resistance to English rule. Wim Deetman was criticized by the Dutch parliament for excluding evidence of castration  in his report on sexual abuse by the Roman Catholic Church, where ten children were allegedly "punished" by castration in the s for reporting sexual abuse by Roman Catholic priests.
However, the Deetman Commission had rejected it as the person who reported the incident admitted it was speculative.
Voluntary castration for homosexuality was also state policy in Netherlands at that point, as well against Catholic canon law, and there has been no evidence suggesting the Church had a part in organizing the procedures.
Chemical castration has been and is used as part of sentencing in criminal cases. InAlan Turing —the father of computer science and the inventor of the Turing machine —was criminally prosecuted for homosexual acts and chose chemical castration as an alternative to a period of imprisonment.
China[ edit ] According to legend, during the reign of the legendary Emperor Shun and Yu in China, in BCE castration was passed into law as a punishment, which remained so until the reign of Gaozu of Tang — CE.
However, it was still practiced after his reign. Both organs were cut off with a knife at the same time.
Some of them oversaw the Korean concubines in the harem of the Chinese Emperor. Non-Han peoples[ edit ] Many of the non-Han Chinese peoples who founded states in China after invading originally did not have eunuchs as part of their culture, but adopted it from the Han Chinese.
The Khitan people adopted the practice of using eunuchs from the Chinese and the eunuchs used were non-Khitan prisoners of war. The Khitan were a nomadic Mongolic people and originally did not have eunuchs as part of their culture. All of the eunuchs were captured ethnic Chinese from the Central Plains that came from two sources.
The Khitan captured Chinese people who were already eunuchs at the Jin court when they invaded of the Later Jin. Another source was during their war with the Chinese Song dynastythe Khitan would raid China, capture Han Chinese boys as prisoners of war and emasculate them to become eunuchs.
The emasculation of captured Chinese boys guaranteed a continuous supply of eunuchs to serve in the Liao Dynasty harem. The Empress Dowager Chengtian played a large role in the raids to capture and emasculate the boys.
She personally led her own army against the Song Chinese in and defeated them in battle,      fighting the retreating Chinese army. She then ordered the castration of around ethnic Chinese boys she had captured in China, supplementing the Khitan's supply of eunuchs to serve at her court, among them was Wang Ji'en.
The boys were all under ten years old and were selected for their good looks. Surviving members of Yaqub Beg's family included his 4 sons, 4 grandchildren 2 grandsons and 2 granddaughtersand 4 wives. They either died in prison in LanzhouGansu, or were killed by the Chinese.
They were all underage children, and put on trial, sentenced to an agonizing death if they were complicit in their father's rebellious "sedition", or if they were innocent of their fathers crimes, were to be sentenced to castration and serving as a eunuch slave to Chinese troops, when they reached 11 years old, and handed over to the Imperial Household to be executed or castrated.
State Department and activists involved in the incident state that Yaqub Beg's son and grandsons had their sentence commuted to life imprisonment with a fund provided for their support. The first recorded appearance of a Korean eunuch was in Goryeosa "History of Goryeo"a compilation about the Goryeo period.
They also took the exam on Confucianism every month. According to legend, castration consisted of daubing a boy's genitals with human feces and having a dog bite them off. Records show that the Vietnamese created eunuchs through castration in a painful procedure by removing the entire genitalia with both penis and testicles being cut off with a sharp knife or metal blade.
The procedure was agonizing since the entire penis was cut off. The genitals would be sterilized with pepper water and then cut off. A tube would be then inserted into the urethra to allow urination during healing.
Any facial hair such as the beard would fall off and the eunuch's voice would become like a girl's. The eunuchs were assigned to do work for the palace women like massaging and applying make up to the women and preparing them for sex with the Emperor.
A large amount of trade between Guangdong and Vietnam happened during his reign. Early accounts recorded that the Vietnamese captured Chinese whose ships had blown off course and detained them.
Young Chinese men were selected by the Vietnamese for castration to become eunuch slaves to the Vietnamese. It has been speculated by modern historians that the Chinese who were captured and castrated by the Vietnamese were involved in trade between China and Vietnam instead of actually being blown off course by the wind and they were punished as part of a crackdown on foreign trade by Vietnam.
The Vietnamese enslaved and castrated the young from among the captured. The escapees also reported that they found out up to Chinese men remained captives in Vietnam after they were caught and castrated by the Vietnamese after their ships were blown off course into Vietnam.
The Chinese Ministry of Revenue responded by ordering Chinese civilians and soldiers to stop going abroad to foreign countries.Jango is about making online music social, fun and simple. Free personal radio that learns from your taste and connects you to others who like what you like.
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Journey can either be physical, inner, imaginative and emotional. Most journeys have a purpose. The concept has been described by composers in the text ‘beneath clouds’, directed by Ivan Sen and ‘journey to . In Wales, Jones is especially common (% of the population) because of the Welsh habit of naming themselves after their father.
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A water‐compatible variant of a click‐like polymerization between alkynoates and secondary amines to form β‐aminoacrylate synthetic polyethylene glycol (PEG) based hydrogels was developed.
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Short Story – Journey to Freedom, By Hai-Van Nguyen, aged In this short story, Nguyen tells her story about her journey from Vietnam to Australia and expresses the change his family faces throughout this long and hard journey. Nguyen also expresses of how she believes they transitioned from being ‘nobody’ to a ‘number’. Journeys –Journey to Freedom - Personal Narrative by. Hai-Van Nguyen. Also called a memoir piece. Her piece. Journey to Freedom. won the major prize in the Australia IS Refugees Competition. Also published in Australian newspaper. The Age. in A contender for the most famous road in Vietnam, the Hai Van Pass is a short but scenic route winding around a mountainside above the East Sea, on the central coast. Đèo Hải Vân – Ocean Cloud Pass – is famous for a number of reasons: as a geographic and political boundary between ancient.
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